A significant event took place in London recently: the coronation of King Charles III. This historic moment provides us with an excellent opportunity to engage in a lively debate and further enhance the English language skills of our students.

Here I will share the details of a debate lesson I recently conducted in my class.


In my classroom, I organized a debate session where students were encouraged to express their opinions on various controversial topics related to the monarchy and the United Kingdom. This exercise improved their language proficiency, encouraged critical thinking and allowed for exploring different perspectives.
I believe that engaging in debates is an effective way to develop our cognitive abilities and deepen our understanding of complex issues.

To prepare for the debate, I shared a YouTube video titled The British Royal Family Explained with my students. This video provides a concise and easy-to-understand overview of the institution of monarchy in the United Kingdom. I found it particularly helpful in setting the stage for our discussion and ensuring that everyone had a basic understanding of the topic. I recommend you watch this video as a starting point for your exploration of the British monarchy.

10 controversial topics about the monarchy that can spark debate in your class

Each of these topics is connected to the monarchy and the United Kingdom, offering ample room for discussion. For every topic, I have provided a list of pros and cons to stimulate your thinking:

  1. The role of the monarchy in British politics and tourism
    Pros: Symbol of national unity, stability, and tradition; boost to the tourism industry.
    Cons: Questionable relevance in a modern democratic system; cost to taxpayers.
  2. The importance of the arranged marriage between Charles and Diana versus the freedom of choice William and Harry enjoyed
    Pros: Preservation of tradition and continuity; potential for strategic alliances.
    Cons: Lack of personal freedom and happiness; potential for marital discord.
  3. Why Queen Elizabeth II chose to reign until the end of her life instead of handing over to Charles
    Pros: Stability and continuity of a long-reigning monarch; avoidance of political uncertainty.
    Cons: Potential for a generational shift and fresh perspectives; desire for change.
  4. The justification for having an over seventy-year-old king with a potentially short reign versus naming William as the next king
    Pros: Respect for traditional order of succession; Charles’s experience and preparedness.
    Cons: Fresh leadership and longer reign for a younger king; adaptability to modern challenges.
  5. The continuation of the British monarchy beyond Charles III
    Pros: Preservation of national identity and cultural heritage; unifying symbol.
    Cons: Cost to taxpayers; potential for outdated institution in an evolving society.
  6. Prince Harry’s choice to sever ties with the Royal Family
    Pros: Pursuit of personal freedom and happiness; challenging outdated traditions.
    Cons: Loss of royal privileges and responsibilities; potential strain on family relationships.
  7. The influence of the monarchy on British society
    Pros: Encouragement of charitable causes; representation of national identity. Cons: Perpetuation of class distinctions and inequality; potential for political interference.
  8. The financial implications of maintaining the monarchy
    Pros: Economic benefits through tourism and associated industries; job creation. Cons: Financial burden on taxpayers; allocation of resources to other pressing needs.
  9. The role of the Royal Family in modern diplomacy
    Pros: Symbolic representation of the nation on the global stage; facilitation of diplomatic relations.
    Cons: Potential interference in political matters; reliance on outdated notions of royalty in diplomacy.
  10. The monarchy and the evolving notions of equality and democracy
    Pros: Cultural heritage and national pride; historical significance and tradition.
    Cons: Inequality and lack of meritocracy; potential for hindering progress toward a more egalitarian society.

These ten topics gave my students a wealth of material to research, discuss, and present their arguments. By encouraging them to consider both the pros and cons of each issue, they were able to develop critical thinking skills and practice expressing their thoughts in English. The debate fostered an environment where different opinions were respected, and students learned how to construct persuasive arguments while actively listening to their peers.


In conclusion, engaging in debates offers a valuable platform for developing critical thinking skills and improving English proficiency. It allows students to explore complex issues, understand multiple perspectives, and articulate their thoughts confidently. By delving into controversial topics related to the monarchy and the United Kingdom, students not only enhance their language abilities but also gain a deeper understanding of history, culture, and societal dynamics.

I encourage you to embrace the spirit of debate in your classrooms and engage your students in thought-provoking discussions.
The goal is not to find a definitive answer, but to foster intellectual growth and promote effective communication.
Let the coronation of King Charles III be the catalyst for lively debates that expand horizons and ignite curiosity.

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