Home Forums TEFL Certification Course Topic – Top-Down and Bottom-Up

Viewing 6 reply threads
  • Author
    Posts
    • #276261
      Leon
      Keymaster

      Now that you have watched the video, use this discussion thread to briefly share your thoughts about how you understand the difference between the two approaches to listening.

    • #308627
      irynaroubel
      Participant

      The difference between these two approaches is in the way students interact with the text they are going to listen to. If we use top-down approach, we want our students to use their background knowledge and try to predict some of the things. With bottom-up approach we focus on the understanding of words, grammar structures and pronunicarion peculiaritites.

      • #336047
        david kweku.awuku
        Participant

        To add to your view, Bottom-up approach resorts to Top down to fill the gab when needed.

    • #336044
      david kweku.awuku
      Participant

      To me, the difference is simply that Top-Down approach focuses on general understanding with reference to previous knowledge whiles Bottom-up approach focuses on detailed understanding, taking into consideration the sound, vocabulary, grammar etc.

    • #341716
      Teddy
      Participant

      well, top-down approach emphasizes on students’ previous knowledge of the topic, which can help them predict the context and better understand it. However, bottom-up can help the students who are not familiar with the topic, thus they need to rely on the linguistic elements while listening.

    • #342018
      kouadio.marina
      Participant

      Top-down processing emphasizes more on the students’ background knowledge such as the topic, the speaker, the context, some typical patterns or scripts. The bottom-up processing is more about what students’ actually hear which are students’ language knowledge (vocabulary, grammar, the sound)

    • #342020
      kouadio.marina
      Participant

      Top-down processing emphasizes more on the students’ background knowledge. The teacher can help them using these knowledge through pre-listening acitivities which will help them be more familiar with the sokent text.. The bottom-up processing is more about what students’ actually hear which are students’ language knowledge (vocabulary, grammar, the sound). Both elements are very important.

    • #350750
      zahra.kayani
      Participant

      Top-down processing draws on our background knowledge, experiences and scripts to help us understand the task at hand. Whereas as bottom-up processing occurs when we do not have such context, and so a higher level of attention to detail is required. In this case, bottom-up processing involves actively applying vocabulary and grammar knowledge.

Viewing 6 reply threads
  • You must be logged in to reply to this topic.